Independence and the Creation of New Nation

Independence and the Creation of New Nation - Independence...

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Independence and the Creation of New Nation-States I. Questions A. How was nationhood imagined in the Americas in the Age of Revolution? B. Who was imagining the nation? C. Which social class initiated the independence movements? D. Why did the independence movements ultimately succeed? II. Hegemonic Forces in Colonial Latin America A. Hegemony – negotiated unequal contract between the powerful and the less powerful i. One power is in dominated control of the people that are below them ii. People at the bottom accept being at the bottom iii. Keep people happy/busy so they won’t revolt iv. Even though there is acceptance there is internalized resistance v. The elite gives some stuff away – have to negotiate with the lower classes vi. Don’t want to underestimate the lower classes B. The Church i. Sor Juana C. The State D. The Patriarch i. Male dominance ii. Sor Juana E. Hegemonic Ideologies i. Ideology – a coherent set of beliefs of a particular social group ii. Colonial ideologies – designed to make social inequalities seem natural and acceptable iii. Examples a. Christianity Church had a lot of influence so what ever they said went Could say that people were inferior and then people would follow what they said b. Racism Emerges out of conquest and colonization in the Americas Not saying that social inequality didn’t exist before Columbus but the belief that people are inferior based on their race To have pure blood you had to be Christian
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Independence and the Creation of New Nation - Independence...

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