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Lecture 1 - Lecture European Imperialism I Broad patterns...

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Lecture: European Imperialism I. Broad patterns, similarities and differences, characteristics of imperialism A. From 1860s-1914 – Age of Imperialism (New Imperialism) i. Europe expanded really quickly most of world either Europe or European colonies ii. Age of Imperialism – How it all happened a. Global linkages World becomes connected in new ways economic and technological developments b. State finances and led Nationalism Use ideology and use of nation to gain support for competitive aspects – people wanted to be the best and have their nation be the best Led people more than government to want to colonize as part of the competitive process c. Industrialized More important than almost anything Changed international balance of power dramatically Machine produce food destroyed existing economic networks in India, China, and other parts of Asia Places that developed first had unparalleled economic power because they industrialized first Some advantages = communication and trade Steam ships make it possible to go into Africa and move quickly Technology of weaponry Example of mail Before 1850 took 2 years to get letter from America to Asia – by 1850 the steam ships made it possible to get that same letter in 2-3 months and then at the turn of the century the telegraph made it possible to send the same message in 2-3 hours Cultural effects Ready made clothing to more people Interior plumbing People live in unprecedented comfort Creation of large middle class with plenty to eat Made differences within classes in Europe more apparent and the differences between Europe and the rest of the world but more stark d.
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