The Consolidation of the Mexican Revolution

The Consolidation of the Mexican Revolution - The...

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The Consolidation of the Mexican Revolution I. The Cultural Transformations: The Muralist Movement (1920-1940) A. Sought to create an art of “the people” B. Celebrated images of the indigenous peasantry C. Wanted to make it accessible to all people – painted on government buildings D. Rivera painted on Rockefeller center – destroyed because Lennon was on it – mural wanted to show that communism was together with the working class E. Received support from the Mexican government – and commissioned by government F. Major figures: Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, David Alfaro Siqueiros G. Mestizaje and indígenismo i. Inígenismo – celebrated indigenous but as celebration of Mexico’s past – thought they were anti-modern primitive people ii. In Mexico, Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia H. National Palace i. Sight where one of Rivera’s most famous mural is painted I. Questions i. Want to have understanding of refashioning of Mexican identity – from try to be like Europe to celebrating Mestizo and Indigenous roots ii. How did the New Mexican state consolidate its power? iii. How do rulers rule? iv. How is hegemony established? v. Older interpretation – the Mexican state “hijacked” the revolution a. Took it away from Zapata and Villa who were the true representatives of the masses vi. Recent interpretations – the state consolidated its power through coercion AND by negotiation with the population – HEGEMONY!!! II. State Formation and Hegemony
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2009 for the course HIST 346L taught by Professor Guridy during the Summer '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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The Consolidation of the Mexican Revolution - The...

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