The Special Period and Beyond

The Special Period and Beyond - The Special Period and...

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The Special Period and Beyond I. Response of the Cuban Population A. To invent and resolve i. Singing songs in hotel lobbies to get tips B. Growth of the underground economy C. Growth of the dollar economy i. Dominant unit of exchange D. Tourism = most important source of economy – no longer sugar E. Cuban government legalized the usage of U.S. dollars in 1993 i. Bans the dollar again – takes out 20% of the U.S. when you exchange it to the peso F. Increase in pilfering and state theft i. Have to break the law in order to survive G. Outmigration II. The Balsero Crisis (1994) A. The balseros – “rafters” i. Construct rafts to leave island in hopes of getting to the states B. Cuban government’s response – permitted the mass exodus C. Mass exodus continued throughout the summer of 1994 (35,000) D. U.S. Coast Guard placed refugees found at sea at the Guantánamo Naval Base i. Came from Platt Amendment E. The End of the Balsero Crisis i. Forced the U.S. to change its Cuban immigration policy ii. Immigration Agreements of 1994-1995 iii. “Wet Feet/Dry Feet” Policy
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The Special Period and Beyond - The Special Period and...

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