Chasteen Chapter 3 and Lynch

Chasteen Chapter 3 - b Nativism important c Napoleon invades Portugal – Portuguese flee to Brazil – 94 i Prince Joao makes his court in Rio de

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HIS 346L/LAS 366/AFR 374E Modern Latin America Spring 2009 Study Questions for John Chasteen, Born in Blood and Fire, chapter 3; and John Lynch, “Touchstone of the Revolution,” from Lynch Simón Bolívar: A Life 1. According to Chasteen, who were the primary initiators of the movements for independence in Spanish America and Brazil? How did the movement’s class origins shape the course of the independence struggle? a. Primary initiators i. Native born whites – creoles – 97 b. Movement’s class origins shape the course of the independence struggle i. Competed socially with peninsulares ii. Peninsulares got better government positions iii. 2. According to Lynch, how did Bolívar construct his liberation army in Venezuela? What obstacles did he face? a. Bolivar Lynch Article – i. Approaches slavery – gets power if he frees slaves ii. Freedom if you fight for country b. 3. Compare and contrast Brazil’s path to independence with Mexico’s. a. French Revolution and Napoleonic wars started both – 93
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Unformatted text preview: b. Nativism important c. Napoleon invades Portugal – Portuguese flee to Brazil – 94 i. Prince Joao makes his court in Rio de Janeiro ii. Europeans flock to be near the crown iii. After Napoleon’s defeat Portugal wanted the king back but he stayed iv. People pissed because that meant that Portugal and Brazil were judicially equal – 104 v. Wanted Brazil to be reduced to status of colony d. Spanish America i. Wanted their own independence ii. Set up governing congress but natives pissed because they were chosen in Spain and therefore represented Spanish interests not theirs – 96 4. Why does Chasteen characterize independence as an “unfinished revolution”? Do you agree with his characterization? Why or why not? a. Old hierarchy still in control – blacks and natives at the bottom – 110 i. Things still patriarchal b. At first I would say that revolution was unfinished but as time went on things did change...
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2009 for the course HIST 346L taught by Professor Guridy during the Summer '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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