A Struggle for Mastery - A Struggle for Mastery:...

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A Struggle for Mastery: Disenfranchisement in the South, 1880’s-1915 (Lecture 1) I. Redeemer Programs of “Containment”: Black Voting in the Post- Reconstruction South **** A. Well over 1000 black men held office during reconstruction, continued to vote in South for as much as two decades and occasionally, elected to the state house and then the House of Representatives, no further Senate members B. Frequently thought that denying blacks to vote started after reconstruction i. Were intimidated, defrauded, and threatened but still voted ii. Occasionally got elected to House of Representatives in Washington C. In 1879 LQC and Wade Hampton and Alex Stephens agreed that black disenfranchisement was not only undesirable but impossible i. Even if possible, white south wouldn’t allow it D. South Carolina Governor race i. Hampton – not any rights that blacks have now will be taken away from him a. Better facilities for education b. At one time or another every black person will be a Democrat Black Red Shirts – black supporters of Hampton: when Tilden disenfranchised blacks, grandfathered in to voting rights if you could prove you voted for Hampton and had voted Democrat in all subsequent elections: E. Hampton elected at least 86 blacks to minor offices F. Hampton’s programs made him a generous statesman G. 1901 – McKinley is assassinated i. Teddy Roosevelt becomes president H. TR remembered Hampton Hampton had lost leg in hunting accident i. Sought McLaren to see Hampton, TR looking for friends in South, establish forever good will in all sections of the country a. Wants to strengthen the Republican party in South Carolina ii. TR exchanged Hampton as Post Master in order to gain his support a. Hampton was living in poverty; listened to everything McLaren had to say, people of South Carolina know me well enough to know I cannot be bought refused PM appointment b. Died 4/11/1902 – in home bought for him by the community after his own was burned I. To justify and undertake removal of all blacks from voting they looked towards containment J. Area of deepest, longest running, and most powerful participation for blacks in politics after reconstruction came out of compromises made in the black belt by redemption itself i. In some areas during redemption, keeping blacks away from the polls entirely seemed like too big of a job so they resorted to programs of containment a. Gerrymandered black counties
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b. Agreed to give blacks some minor offices in exchange for a majority of white offices K. Mississippi shoe-string district i. Ran length of Mississippi River and constituted all of black counties – agreed to give that area to republicans in order to get a majority of the rest of the counties L. South Carolina i. Seated black congressman and black state representative ii. All black militia companies M. The North Carolina Black Second Congressional District – issued to contain blacks i. Elected the state’s first black congressman ii. Generated black power
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2009 for the course HIST 345M taught by Professor Brown during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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A Struggle for Mastery - A Struggle for Mastery:...

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