Civil Rights Movement

Civil Rights Movement - Civil Rights Movement(Lecture 1 I...

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Civil Rights Movement (Lecture 1) I. Jim Crow in Washington, D.C. / Judge Robert H. Terrell A. On eve of WWI, began in Europe 1914, US enters in 1917: Black voting in South carved in stone, Jim Crow laws become de regure, Wilson segregated the Federal Government: Wilson is Southern born Democrat, but elected as from NJ. Wilson pursued as Princeton: able to overcome 2/3 nomination by way of immortal 40 B. 3 Texans served in cabinet: Burleson, Gregory, Houston C. Wilson’s first wife wanted Federal government employees to be segregated; black employees – segregation being instituted for benefit of blacks to D. Wilson’s new freedom Walter suggested, all for the white man, little for the Negro E. Wilson saw Birth of a Nation as supposedly said “History written with Lightning” F. 1910 nominated Terrill Judge as DC: won confirmation and second term in 1914: died 1925 G. BTW – ultimate equality of blacks, supported sub rosa challenges to Jim Crow: wanted vocational training (born to slavery 1857,58) II. W.E.B. DuBois / The Lynching of San Hose A. III. The Niagara Movement: Meetings at Niagara Falls, Canada (1905) and Harper’s Ferry, West Virginia (1906) **** A. Washington was born to slave parents i. Wanted blacks to go to vocational schools in order to gain control of their full citizenship B. Du Bois challenged Washington’s ideas C. Du Bois was born of free parents in Mass and educated in Tennessee, Harvard and U of Berlin D. Joined faculty of Atlanta University i. Systematic and scientific study of African Americans E. Washington wanted to speak out against Hose’s lynching but was not advised not to because it would hinder the black and white relations that were getting him some negotiation and success F. Du Bois predicted in the beginning of the century that the problem of the entire 20th century was going to be the color line (Jim Crow) G. Du Bois attacked Washington’s argument for vocational education and wanted blacks to look toward higher education i. He also wanted more active attack on Jim Crow H. Niagara Falls i. No hotel on the American side would rent to them I. Harper’s Ferry i. Niagara’s second meeting ii. Was a significant moment in black history iii. Celebrated John Brown’s 100 year birthday iv. This is what he said:
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a. Equality of education b. Enforcement of 14th amendment c. Justice and jobs for black people v. Wanted political, social and economic rights vi. Cannot a nation that has absorbed ten million immigrations without a calamity absorb 10 million blacks in the same way? vii.
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Civil Rights Movement - Civil Rights Movement(Lecture 1 I...

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