Lincoln - Lincoln, Johnson, and Reconstruction (Lecture 1)...

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Lincoln, Johnson, and Reconstruction (Lecture 1) I. The Importance of the Reconstruction Years A. Most influential in American political history since launching of new government i. Only Civil War years or FDR’s New Deal can rival in importance B. Blacks freed and became American citizens C. Black adult males get to vote D. Republican party establishes itself in South for the first time Lincoln didn’t get one electoral vote from 15 slave states name wasn’t on ballot in 10 states E. In 1887 South emerged as enduring part of Democratic Party the “Solid South” i. Stay Democratic till after WWII F. Central question Why was the North so powerful in the Civil War and unable to impose its will on the defeated South? i. One of greatest problems with Reconstruction historiography is as good as what could have happened II. Lincoln’s Reconstruction Plan (Military Governors, Emancipation Proclamation, 10% Plan) **** A. Lincoln and Congress disagreed on what to do with Confederacy i. Lincoln thought it was an Executive responsibility a. Believed reconstruction preformed by encouraging the establishment of loyal provisional state governments as military occupation of South progressed b. Speedy restoration of national authority with as little friction as possible c. Get rebel states in proper practical relations – sole action of government is to get them in this practical relationship B. Military Governors i. In 1862 after union armies had occupied portions of Tennessee, North Carolina, Arkansas, and Louisiana – Lincoln appointed military governors to provide means of maintaining security to loyal inhabitants unions until they could replace rebel governments with governments that were in accordance with the United States’ constitution
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Lincoln - Lincoln, Johnson, and Reconstruction (Lecture 1)...

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