Progressivism in the South – For Whites Only

Progressivism in the South – For Whites...

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Progressivism in the South – For Whites Only I. Progressivism in the Nation and the South A. The Progressive Era 1900 – 1917 B. Roosevelt was in office C. Contained different and various groups D. Had three ideals i. Embraced political reform, more direct election for the people (presidential nominee, electing the legislature, and pass referendum, along with some woman suffrage) ii. Reduce the power of Urban political bosses, get rid of monopolies iii. Improve live of the poor and under privileged (abolishment of child labor, public health and education, minimize hours worked per person) E. Southern Progressivism was almost similar, however it was not imitated i. It pertained to the region F. Rose in 1890 G. Lacked the agrarian political edge H. Thought to be Populism under cover and moved up to the middle class I. Those in the North did not recognize the Southern Progressives J. Southern populism was largely nativist i. Came from the populist roots but lack the agrarian edge that scared the working class away K. For whites only i. Its height coincided with the height of Jim Crow II. Who were the Southern Progressives? / Racial Views / Nature of Southern Progressivism (Dewey W. Grantham) **** A. Who were the Southern Progressives? i. Progressivism embraced political reform. They favored the direct primary as a means of selecting party candidates. In some cases they advocated giving women the vote. They sought to eliminate the unholy alliance between government and state interests. They hoped to improve the lives of the poor and underprivileged; public health and education, the elimination of the convict lease system, lowed working hours, etc. ii. Not derivative or imitative of the northern movement – largely native to the region; no agrarian radical edge that had scared away the middle class from the populist movement decades earlier; typical leader was a businessman, etc, not really a farmer, with a few exceptions B. Racial Views i. Progressivism was for whites only; coincided with the crest of a wave of racism; typical progressive reformer rode to power at the state level on a platform calling for the disfranchisement of adult black male voters C. Nature of Southern Progressivism (Dewey W. Grantham) i. The Progressives didn’t acknowledge their kin in the south. Southern Pro was largely native to the region. It sprouted in the soil that had nourished
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populism in the 1880’s. William Allan White called it pop that had cleaned itself up and moved into the middle class. Progressivism was for whites only; the blind spot was the African American. Jim Crowism emerged at the same time. The typical prop ref rose to power on a
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Progressivism in the South – For Whites...

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