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The Dixie Demagogues - The Dixie Demagogues I Who Were the...

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The Dixie Demagogues I. Who Were the Dixie Demagogues? **** A. Called “rednecks”, “crackers” B. No insurance policies, but they possessed the ballot under the dem ballots if they could meet requirements (poll tax) C. Wanted to express hatred for rich man above them & the black men below them D. Demogogue—Demos (people) + Gog ?(league) = league of people E. Characteristics i. Possessed good oratory abilities ii. Warm personalities iii. Striking appearance iv. Reaffirmed rural prejudices—attacked “lecherous jews”, wall street bankers…main target: disfranchised blacks a. Black man was a “political ulcer…a lazy, lying, lustful animal…that couldn’t be transformed into a tolerable citizen.” b. “The greatest disappointment of politics in the 20 th century was perhaps that the admiration they aroused weren’t altogether undeserved.” II. First Wave (Progressive Era) A. The “Wild Ass of the Ozarks”: Jeff Davis of Arkansas **** i. Product of Ozark mtn country ii. Began as prosecuting attorney, where he attracted attention with his wholehearted liquor laws. Elected state atty general in 1898 & served 3 terms as Ark governor (1901). Elected in Senate in; died in 1913 at only 50 years old. a. Expelled from Little Rock Baptist Church for drinking b. Survived a US Senate scandal iii. Capitalized on his famous name—Jeff Davis a. Expressed deep devotion to Lost Cause; image was effective—he was confused with Jefferson Davis b. Biographer noted that Davis phenomenon widened with split between town & countryside; manipulated this: penned “rednecks” vs. “roosters” c. “was a red-faced, loud-mouth mountaineer lawyer who has come to Little Rock to get attention” iv. Work a. Secured legislation which led to temp retirement from leading insurance companies in the state b. Laws were passed prohibiting dishonest bank practices, favoring better schools & direct election of public officials B. James Kimble of Vardaman: Mississippi’s “White Chief” **** i. Owed gubernatorial election of 1903 to white masses of MS hill country who had been given power through direct election ii. Was well dressed & was naturally good looking
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iii. Played in the MS fear of resurgence of black power, even though the
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