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Exam 2 Note Collaboration

Exam 2 Note Collaboration - The New South Creed Lecture 1...

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Unformatted text preview: The New South Creed: Lecture 1 04/04/2009 09:05:00 Exam 2 Note Collaboration Yankee Empire Builders in Florida • Flagler was the mightier of the two • Took East florida • Had made fortune as an associate of Rockefeller • Worked in oil, gave Rockefeller the idea to do the same • Turned attention to Florida wilderness • Pushed southward from St. Augustine • First train 1894, first hotel in 1894 • Invested $30 to reach Miami; Miami was then a “wilderness village” • Flagler – Miami would have een named for him • Took the railroad to the sea • Labor force of 4000, $20 investment • Spanned the Keys, entered Key West in 1912 • Flagler’s work in Keys and his line were destroyed by hurricanes • Advertised Florida, encouraged immigration, counded cities and infrastructure • Secretly owned most of the newspapers in Fl. Towards • Had his wife declared insane by paying politicians • Henry Bradley Plant was a Yankee • Lived from 1879-1929 • Divided Florida with Flagler • Plant took the west coast Southern Apostles of a New South Creed • Preached of self-made men, constitution • “New South” means reconciliation among regions, races, based on industry and science; south would be dominate • Henry Grady became a hero from Boston to Galveston • No one thought of a native southerner for president • Grady declares old south dead, pays a tribute to W. Tecumseh Sherman; hailed industry, civil virtue, racial peace Critics of the New South Creed • Blair: prosperity of the south dependent on the elevation of the negro • Critics often had allegiance to the old south • Dabney – change inevitable, wealth essential; refuse northern idealism and focus on virtue instead of money; dismissed from UT in 1894 Cotton Mill Campaign • Most renewing, expanding cotton mills • Accelerated in 180 • 1880-1900 US mills increased from 161 to 401 • Northern mills moved south because of cheap labor, no unions, distance from cotton fields, handsome profits • “moral crusade” Frank Tenenbaum: • Mill-men control everything • Records that millmen are proud but had to take care of “child-like” destitute • Labor between ages 10-16 • N.C.: 18% operatves under age 14 • Average wage of 29 cents/day • Over 30,000 children under 14 employed in southern cotton mills • Housed in mill villages • Paid in script redeemable in country store • Kept forever in debt Iron and Coal Industries • Iron/steel industry in northeast Alabama • John T. Milner and Colonel Powell found 3 ingredients to making steel close • Named Birmingham for English city • Expected to profit by rapid turnover of lots • Started town from nothing • Birmingham hailed as the Pittsburgh of the south • Railroads a must in industry with labor and infrastructe Tobacco • South led nation • Cigarettes outsold chewing tobacco • NC produces a leaf that is more suitable called “brightleaf” • James Buchanan Duke the first major tobacco entrepreneur...
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Exam 2 Note Collaboration - The New South Creed Lecture 1...

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