Exam 2 Note Collaboration

Exam 2 Note Collaboration - The New South Creed: Lecture 1...

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Unformatted text preview: The New South Creed: Lecture 1 04/04/2009 09:05:00 Exam 2 Note Collaboration Yankee Empire Builders in Florida Flagler was the mightier of the two Took East florida Had made fortune as an associate of Rockefeller Worked in oil, gave Rockefeller the idea to do the same Turned attention to Florida wilderness Pushed southward from St. Augustine First train 1894, first hotel in 1894 Invested $30 to reach Miami; Miami was then a wilderness village Flagler Miami would have een named for him Took the railroad to the sea Labor force of 4000, $20 investment Spanned the Keys, entered Key West in 1912 Flaglers work in Keys and his line were destroyed by hurricanes Advertised Florida, encouraged immigration, counded cities and infrastructure Secretly owned most of the newspapers in Fl. Towards Had his wife declared insane by paying politicians Henry Bradley Plant was a Yankee Lived from 1879-1929 Divided Florida with Flagler Plant took the west coast Southern Apostles of a New South Creed Preached of self-made men, constitution New South means reconciliation among regions, races, based on industry and science; south would be dominate Henry Grady became a hero from Boston to Galveston No one thought of a native southerner for president Grady declares old south dead, pays a tribute to W. Tecumseh Sherman; hailed industry, civil virtue, racial peace Critics of the New South Creed Blair: prosperity of the south dependent on the elevation of the negro Critics often had allegiance to the old south Dabney change inevitable, wealth essential; refuse northern idealism and focus on virtue instead of money; dismissed from UT in 1894 Cotton Mill Campaign Most renewing, expanding cotton mills Accelerated in 180 1880-1900 US mills increased from 161 to 401 Northern mills moved south because of cheap labor, no unions, distance from cotton fields, handsome profits moral crusade Frank Tenenbaum: Mill-men control everything Records that millmen are proud but had to take care of child-like destitute Labor between ages 10-16 N.C.: 18% operatves under age 14 Average wage of 29 cents/day Over 30,000 children under 14 employed in southern cotton mills Housed in mill villages Paid in script redeemable in country store Kept forever in debt Iron and Coal Industries Iron/steel industry in northeast Alabama John T. Milner and Colonel Powell found 3 ingredients to making steel close Named Birmingham for English city Expected to profit by rapid turnover of lots Started town from nothing Birmingham hailed as the Pittsburgh of the south Railroads a must in industry with labor and infrastructe Tobacco South led nation Cigarettes outsold chewing tobacco NC produces a leaf that is more suitable called brightleaf James Buchanan Duke the first major tobacco entrepreneur...
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2009 for the course HIST 345M taught by Professor Brown during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Exam 2 Note Collaboration - The New South Creed: Lecture 1...

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