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#4 Mesopotamia - Early Cities and States in Mesopotamia...

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Early Cities and States in Mesopotamia
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Another Potential Essay Question for Exam #1 In what ways did physical geography impact the development of civilizations (religion, economics, warfare, etc.) in Mesopotamia and Egypt? In what ways were the impacts similar and in what ways were they different and why?
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Regions of Mesopotamia
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Video: Segment the Birth of Civilizations Mesopotamia-very sophisticated irrigation techniques, dense populations, large urban settlements, lots of tech. dev. (the wheel, plow, medicines, textiles, etc.) the first sciences (mathematics and astronomy), a collection of individual city states for much of its history Egypt-less sophisticated irrigation techs. ness., less heavily populated urban settlements, pharaohs more powerful than kings in Mesopt., a unified nation for much longer periods, a sense of timelessness and security, more natural barriers, Nile a unifying entity.
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Another Potential Essay Question for Exam #1 In what ways did physical geography impact the development of civilizations (religion, economics, warfare, etc.) in Mesopotamia and Egypt? In what ways were the impacts similar and in what ways were they different and why?
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Glacier National Park, Montana
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What is the Arch Nemesis of all College Students?
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Mr. Procrastination
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Jeannine’s New Office Hours M, W, F 1-2
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Key Points for Your Essay: Unpredictable environment and capricious gods Complex irrigation system, temples, priests, urban setting, social inequality, organizational hierarchy Very few natural barriers, seldom unified under one political entity, somewhat pessimistic view of life Crossroads area, lots of inventions here exported elsewhere, and ideas from other areas brought in
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General Chronology for Mesopotamia Ubaid Period 5300 – 4100 B.C. Uruk Period 4100 – 3100 B.C. Early Dynastic Period 3100 – 2340 B.C. Akkadian Empire 2340 -- 2100 B.C. Third Dynasty of Ur 2112 -- 2004 B.C. Division and various short term empires (Amorites, Kassites, Hittites, Babylonians) ca. 2004 – 745 B.C. Assyrian Empire 745 -- 609 B.C. Chaldeans 606 -- 525 B.C. Persian Empire 525 – 331 B.C.
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Mesopotamian Cities The rich soils of the Tigris and Euphrates alluvial plain are deposited by annual floods which are unpredictable, in some ways the environment is not always benevolent Rainfall is inadequate for farming in most of the southern area
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The land had to be irrigated in order to grow crops, but once it was, the Tigris and Euphrates became a highways of commerce.
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