egypt second part - Ancient Egypt The Gift of the Nile...

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Ancient Egypt: The Gift of the Nile
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Egypt was united by conquest @ 3,100 BC. The new capital and religious center at Memphis later located at the boundary of Upper and Lower Egypt. Early Dynastic Period (3100-2686 B.C.) Began a series of 31 dynasties, ca. 170 pharaohs
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Egyptian Chronology
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The Unification of the Two Lands: the Narmer Palette
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The Narmer Palette Ceremonial palette made of slate, 64 cm, dates to ca. 3100 B.C. found at Hierakonpolis in 1896 Shows Narmer, first Pharaoh of a unifed Egypt, subjugating lower (northern Egypt) On one side, Narmer wears a bulbous hat, symbol of upper Egypt, he is about to strike down a prisoner in presence of Horace, the hawk-god of Hierakonpolis
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The Narmer Palette Cont. On the other side his has a curled tongue, symbol of lower Egypt, a symbol of unification. He moves towards decapitated prisoners Below are lions with their long necks intertwined, symbolizing unification Evidence Egypt unified by force with Upper Egypt conquering lower Egypt. The world’s first historical document
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Egyptian Chronology
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Prior to the 3rd Dynasty, kings were buried in low mud brick tombs or mastabas.
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The Old Kingdom (2686 – 2125 B.C.) Unbroken line of god-kings ruled – Pharaoh, a god who lived on earth among his favored people – He had absolute power and was worshipped as a god, he protected the people and preserved the divine order “ma’at” by communicating with the other gods in daily rituals, built elaborate temples to appease the other gods – Period of Pyramid building
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