{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

EthicalTheory - define concepts observe facts.seussi larom...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Chapter One Logic and Ethical Theory 1. Recipe for an Ethical Theory Ethics within Philosophy is limited to facts logic, and definition. Ideally, a philosopher is able to prove her theory is true and reasonable based on accurate definitions and verifiable facts. Once these definitions and facts have been established, a philosopher can develop her theory through a process of deduction, that is by showing what logically follows from the definitions and facts. She can then apply her theory to controversial moral issues. í î í í ê í ê í Factual Statement: Statement that can only be known by observation Logic: Rules of reasonable thought Definition: words that capture the essence of a concept Deduction: process of applying logical principles to extend our knowledge. Ingredients Bake Well Cake Eat Cake observe facts define concepts logical deduction theory application
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2 2. Philosophical Etiquette It is not enough to prove that your own theory is true and reasonable. Other philosophers will have their theories and, no doubt, there will be disagreement. Therefore, you must also show where and how other philosophers went wrong. A true philosopher is in pursuit of truth. Therefore, we don't get angry when other philosophers attempt to prove our theories are wrong. If I have made a mistake then you are doing me a great favor by pointing out the error of my ways. If you refute a theory I've been working on for years, a theory I've staked my career on, then I should embrace and thank you rather than be devastated and angry. Thanks so much! How could I have been such a fool? So you see, all your theories are false.
Image of page 2
3 3. Bad Philosophy With the possible exception of you and I, people usually do not have logical reasons for what they believe. This is especially true for philosophical questions. Here are some examples of how not to arrive at a belief. We call them fallacies. Musical Fallacies 1. Ad populum: everyone else seems to like rock music, it must be good. 2. Tradition: People have loved Bach for hundreds of years, it must be good. 3. Scare tactics: Bob will beat me up if I keep saying that Metallica sucks; you know, they're starting to sound pretty good! 4. Ad hominem: anyone who says that Madonna can sing is nuts. 5. Guilt by Association: the lead singer of Nirvana was a drug addict. All the other members of the band must be addicts, too. Some Informal Fallacies Beware, some of the examples are controversial and debatable. 1. Accident: an error based on the mistaken belief that a rule that is generally true is without exceptions. "Suicide is killing oneself--killing is murder, I'm opposed to euthanasia." 2. Ad Hominem: personal attacks, name calling, abuse. Example: "Women for euthanasia are femi-nazis." 3. Ad Populum: peer pressure, appeal to herd mentality or xenophobia.
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern