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Unformatted text preview: LIST OF INFORMAL FALLACIES 1. Ambiguity Misuse of language with more than one meaning. 2. False Authority Argument based on appeal to an expert when out of his field of expertise. 3. Ad Populum ("Peer Pressure") Appeal to the herd mentality, xenophobia. 4. Wishful Thinking Believing that things are (or will be) some way simply because that is how you wish things to be. 5. False Dilemma Argument based on the assumption that there are fewer alternatives than actually exist. 6. Ad Hominem ("Personal Attacks") name calling, abuse. 7. Subjectivism Argument that truth varies according to personal opinion. 8. Two Wrongs Belief that actions can be justified against wrongdoers based on the moral principles of wrongdoers. 9. Appeal to Force ("Scare tactics") Belief in X based on fear if X is false. 10. Appeal to Pity Belief in fact or obligation simply based on sympathy.Belief in fact or obligation simply based on sympathy....
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2009 for the course PHILOSOPHY 101 taught by Professor Snyder during the Spring '07 term at Washington State University .
- Spring '07