Brief Heart of Atlanta by Collin

Brief Heart of Atlanta by Collin - made its way to the...

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Brief Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States U.S. Supreme Court, 1964. 379.U.S. 241, 85.s.Ct.248, 13Led.2d 258 STATEMENT OF FACTS : The Plaintiff in the case is the owner of the Heart of Atlanta Hotel, and the suit filed against the owner was that he would not rent rooms to African Americans, which was against the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The plaintiff brought the case against the defendant, the United States, to have the action declared unconstitutional stating that Congress ahs exceeded its power to regulate commerce. The plaintiff argued that the motel was not a part of interstate commerce but was “of a purely local character”. The owner advertised nationally and the motel was accessible to state and interstate highways. The case began in a federal district court where the court upheld the constitutionality of the Civil Rights Act. The owner appealed and the case eventually
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Unformatted text preview: made its way to the United States Supreme Court. ISSUE: Does the United State government have the power to enforce an act of Congress on a local commercial establishment that is providing goods or services to people when it is located near interstate highways? DECISION: Yes REASONING: The court decided that the constitutionality of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 could be upheld. They stated that Congress had the power to regulate commerce permitting the enactment of legislation that could prevent local discriminatory practices. Yes, the operation of the motel in this situation is of a purely local charter, but, if interstate commerce feels the effects of the discrimination, it does not matter how local the operation is....
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