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Unformatted text preview: definition of, fossil record, biases associated with fossils Organic, compressed, cast, vs permineralized fossils Molecular clock, uses & limitations Cladistics: definition of, cladogram vs phylogeny, sympleisomorphy vs synapomorphy, ingroup vs outgroup, problems associated with scoring characters in the matrix (convergent evolution, reverse 7/7/09 12:41 PM Stuff you need to know Week 1 Page 2 of 2 http://bio.classes.ucsc.edu/bio20c/StuffWk2.html mutations), maximum parsimony for selecting between different possible cladograms, Phylogenetic inference: case studies in reconstructing phylogenies: theoretical molecular sequence, selfing in phlox plants, ratite evolution, whale evolution Origin of life: Primordial soup possible mechanisms for formation, formation of organic polymers, formation of protobionts, chemical selection, supplanting of RNA with DNA Major Eons of Earths history and milestones associated with each: Hadean, Archaen, Proterozoic, Phanerozoic...
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- Summer '09