Ch 1-3 Lecture Notes - AMH 2010 (8/26/09) 22:54 Paleo...

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AMH 2010 (8/26/09) 22:54 Paleo Indians Berengia = Bering Land Straight Crosses Siberia to Alaska 12000 B.C.-9000 B.C. started to come across Paleo Indians: Nomads that crossed Berengia with large game animals  (Mastodons) Clovis Point: showed that there was not a lot of diversity (Spear point) 9000 B.C.- starts getting warmer. Ice/land bridge shrinks. Game animals sank.  So Paleo Indians were stuck. Archaic Indians:  9/8000 B.C.- 2/1000 B.C.  Neolithic Revolution:  (2/1000 B.C.): agriculture o The farther south had the Neolithic revolution came quicker o Became diverse 5 Cultures of the Archaic Indians: (West to East) o 1. Pacific Coast Culture:  Most populated/diversity, speak many languages. Over 500 different  tribes. 
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The water provided a great food source which causes the large  population.  Not nomads 1 st  culture to use wooden homes Had time for the arts Woodworking  Totem poles o 2. Great Basin Culture: Hunter/gatherer (mostly gathered) Mostly ate plants, nuts, fruits Small game (rodents, snake) Nomads o 3. Great Plains Culture: Hunter/gatherer (mostly hunters) Food source: American bison (buffalo) Migrate with bison Nomads 500 A.D.- Came up with bow and arrow o 4. Southwestern Culture: Start off hunter/gatherer 1 st  to use agriculture Not nomads
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Pueblos: Clay house Cliff Dwellers o 5. Eastern Woodlands Culture: Everything east of the Mississippi River Food source is deer Best technology to hunt deer is fire Algonquian: Live along the coast from Virginia to Maine Not nomads Iroquois: Started hunter/gatherer then used agriculture Known for agriculture  Not nomads Matriarchal: Lineage flows from mother Formed a confederation: (Iroquois Confederation/League of 5  Nations) o 1. Seneca o 2. Onondaga o 3. Mohawk o 4. Cayuga o 5. Oneida o Formed to defend territory
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Muskogean: Southeast  All speak Muskogean Language Worship the sun  1492: 4 Million: North America 4 Million: Caribbean (Taino) 25 Million: Mexico 47 Million : South America Explorers: Norse : o Vikings o Mostly came from Norway o Excellent ship builders, explorers, and raiders o 864 A.D.- came across Iceland o Eric the Red: Kicked out of Norway and Iceland 983 A.D.- settled in Greenland Son is  Leif Ericson
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1010 A.D.: settled in Vinland Brother Thorvald lived from 1010-1014
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This note was uploaded on 09/16/2009 for the course AMH 2010 taught by Professor Adams during the Fall '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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Ch 1-3 Lecture Notes - AMH 2010 (8/26/09) 22:54 Paleo...

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