Unit 3.docx - Unit 3 State institution Congress and the presidency o Congress Article 1 of the constitution Because the founders believed Congress would

Unit 3.docx - Unit 3 State institution Congress and the...

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Unit 3: State institution: Congress and the presidency o Congress: Article 1 of the constitution - Because the founders believed Congress would be the strongest of the 3 branches since it was the closest representation to the people Divided by House of Representative and Senate - Committees: Where legislation is drafted and sent to the floor to be voted on Each committee has about 12- 15 people - Leadership Structure: In House of Representative: 1. There is a speaker of the of the house: Most powerful position; the only constitutional position in Congress; comes from the majority party; sets the agenda 2. Majority Leader: second most powerful 3. Majority Whips: People who go into their party and whip up support and vote for legislation 4. Majority party rank-and-file members: People on the floor for votes 1. Minority leader: senior most person in minority party 2. Minority whip 3. Minority party rank-and file member Senate: 1. Vice president: Serves as president pro tempore; comes in very rarely to break ties 2.
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