Unit 1- POS2041.docx - Unit 1 Where does the state come from State A human organization that monopolizes the legitimate use of coercion\/force over a

Unit 1- POS2041.docx - Unit 1 Where does the state come...

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Unit 1- Where does the state come from? State: - A human organization that monopolizes the legitimate use of coercion/force over a territory and its inhabitants (people) Two theories in which a state came from 1. Political philosophy 2. Political history 1. Political Philosophy - Put together by Tomas Hobb, John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau (contract theorist) - They all believe a state is a result of a contract Contract theory: Hobbs and Locke - People live by themselves in caves and etc. - In the state of human nature life is nasty and rude (negative thoughts) - They write a contract by themselves - With that contract, they formed a state Who rules…? - Hobbs wants people to not participate in the government or politics; have no say in what occurs (Monarchy) - Locke wanted the people to have a right to vote in the government (representative democracy) Contract theory: Rousseau - People live in communities - Human beings would cooperate with each other rather than fighting - Communities get together and form social contract with each other
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