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Unit 9: Political Participation Political parties & electionsPolitical Party: An organization of people with shared ides about government, politics and policy that tries to gain control of the government by nominating and running people for elected office.-Why does America have a two-party system?Plurality system of voting Media biasCartelization of party systemCost of campaign-Plurality system of voting: (most important)Winner takes all-Media Bias:Media only covers the 2 major parties (democratic and republican) but not the minor parties (green party and liberal)The more people they reach the more money they get from advertisement; they want to reach. The broad group of people. -Cartelization of party systemCartel: A small group of people or organization could freeze out other organization from interfering The 2 parties have cartelized from each other Closed debates: Freeze out the third parties; rules of the debates are set by the candidates themselves