Functional Groups

Functional Groups - Classes of Functional groups Straight chain alkanes CH4 methane CH3CH3 ethane propane butane pentane hexane heptane octane

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Classes of Functional groups CH 4 CH 3 CH 3 methane ethane propane butane pentane hexane heptane octane S t r a i g h t c h a i n a l k a n e s B r a n c h e d a l k a n e s - has 1 or more branching points from longest chain - 8 total C's, not in a continuous chain isooctane C y c l o a l k a n e s (alkanes with ring structures) cyclopentane A l k e n e s o r A l k y n e s (alkanes with double or triple bonds) or (i.e., ) H 3 CC C H propene propyne alkene alkyne A r o m a t i c g r o u p s (or arenes) benzene - cyclic alkanes with alternating double and single bonds
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A l c o h o l s A m i n e s taurine (related) A m m o n i u m c o m p o u n d s acetyl choline A l k y l h a l i d e s (normal) mustard E t h e r s tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) - oxygen atoms attached to two carbon chains O HO HO OH OH OH α -D-glucose - called hydroxy or alcohol groups HO 3 S NH 2 amine O N O ammonium group (specifically a trimethylammonium group) Cl S Cl alkyl chloride **common notation: R-CH 2 -X rest of molecule usually means halide (Cl, Br, I)
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2009 for the course CHEM 140A taught by Professor Whiteshell during the Spring '04 term at UCSD.

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Functional Groups - Classes of Functional groups Straight chain alkanes CH4 methane CH3CH3 ethane propane butane pentane hexane heptane octane

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