Lecture 1 - KINGDOMS - CELLULAR LINEAGES EUKARYA -...

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EUKARYA - EUKARYOTES - TRUE NUCLEUS ANIMALS PLANTS PROTISTS - PRIMITIVE ANIMALS, SINGLE CELLS PRIMITIVE PLANTS OR ANIMALS ABSORB FOOD REQUIRE ORGANIC CARBON IN THE DIET BACTERIA - EUBACTERIA TRUE BACTERIA PROKARYOTES NO NUCLEUS - NUCLEOID SINGLE CELLS ARCHEA - UNUSUAL BACTERIA - ARCHEOBACTERIA UNUSUAL ENVIRONMENTS HOT SPRINGS HIGH SALT CONCENTRATIONS VERY ACIDIC ENVIRONMENTS UNUSUAL CELL WALL COMPOSITION [COMPARED TO EUBACTERIAL CELL WALLS] RIBOSOMES SIMILAR TO THOSE OF EUKARYOTES KINGDOMS - CELLULAR LINEAGES INTRO 1
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INTRO 2 EUKARYOTES ARCHEOBACTERIA EUBACTERIA COMMON ANCESTOR [PROKARYOTIC]
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INTRO 3 BACTERIAL CLASSIFICATION DIVISION, SECTION, FAMILY, GENUS, SPECIES DIVISION 1 - GRAM NEGATIVE BACTERIA STAIN RED WITH GRAM STAIN DIVISION 2 -GRAM POSITIVE BACTERIA STAIN BLUE WITH GRAM STAIN DIVISION 3 - BACTERIA WITHOUT CELL WALLS DIVISION 4 - BACTERIA WITH UNUSUAL CELL WALLS [ARCHEOBACTERIA] OTHER CHARACTERISTICS CELL MORPHOLOGY - SHAPE, SIZE MOTILE OR NON-MOTILE - [FLAGELLUM] COLONY COLOR, SHAPE, SIZE PATHOGENICITY [OR NON-PATHOGENICITY] BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES, SUCH AS PRODUCTION OF A CERTAIN ENZYME
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INTRO 4 EXAMPLES DIVISION 1 - GRAM NEGATIVE BACTERIA SECTION 1 - SPIROCHETES - SPIRAL SHAPE, FLEXIBLE Treponema pallidum SYPHILIS DIVISION 2 - GRAM POSITIVE BACTERIA SECTION 16 - MYCOBACTERIA - RODS, THICK WAXY CELL WALLS, RESISTANT TO DRYING Mycobacterium tuberculosis TUBERCULOSIS SECTION 12 - SPHERES [COCCI, COCCUS]
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2009 for the course BIO 326R taught by Professor Whiteley during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Lecture 1 - KINGDOMS - CELLULAR LINEAGES EUKARYA -...

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