Chapter 12 Outline - Ch 12-Robotics: The Ultimate...

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Ch 12—Robotics: The Ultimate Intelligent Agents Robots in Popular Culture: 1921 Capek, Czech play write, coins term robot From Czech word meaning menial labor Machines smart enough to take over any human job Robot kills human 1926 German film ‘ Metropolis featured a female robot (Maria) 1942 Issac Assimov writes three laws of robotics 1. A robot may not injure a human or through inaction , allow a human being to come to harm 2. A robot must obey orders by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the first law 3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the first or second law I. Defining Robotic Function a. A mechanical entity that can function automously , by which is meant: i. Without recourse to a human operator ii. Able to adapt to a changing environment iii. Continue to function when one of its own less important parts break iv. Move within and change its world circumstances b. Historical Highlights i. 1966— Shakey, the first AI robot ii. 2000— Lampret brain is connected to sensors to control a robot iii. 2005—Duke/ Cal Tech scientists explore techniques that will enable humans to operate exclusively through brain signals c. Some Robotic Achievements i. Origins traced to beginning of Nuclear age 1. Humans wanted to manipulate dangerous materials in new manner 2. War and preparation enabled new machines a. Artificial limbs can keep human operators safe (at a distance bomb detonators) ii. Industrial community developed to avoid 3D jobs
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2009 for the course ISYE/PSYC/ 3790 taught by Professor Arriaga during the Fall '08 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Chapter 12 Outline - Ch 12-Robotics: The Ultimate...

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