SG psych test 2

SG psych test 2 - SG psych test 2 5 learning 6 memory 10...

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SG psych test 2 5 learning 6 memory 8 motivation and emotion 9 development 10 personality 1. Jean Piaget’s four Stages of Cognitive development. Stages differ in the quantity and quality of info acquired Stage Age characteristics Sensorimotor Birth-2 *Children understand by touching, sucking, chewing, shaking, manipulate objects. Children have little understanding of images, language, symbols. *At this stage, children do not have object permanence (objects continue to exist even if they are out of sight) Preoperational 2-7 *Use of language and symbols. *Egocentric thought : views world entirely through his/her own perspective. (if I can’t see them, they can’t see me). * Principle of conservation: quantity is unrelated to arrangement and physical appearance. (amount, volume, length, does not change when shape/configuration is changed.) Concrete operational mastery 7-12 *masters conservation *overcomes egocentrism *bound to concrete physical reality of the world, difficulty with abstractions or the hypothetical Formal operational 12-adult *use of logical techniques to solve problems, not limited to experience Schema - basic concepts/mental mold o Assimilation -adding new info to existing schemas o Trying to fit a cow/elephant into doggie schema Accommodation o Developing complicated schemas (like seeing the difference between pet, farm and zoo animals.) 2. Kohlberg’s three levels of moral reasoning Level 1: preconventional morality o Concrete interests of the individual are considered in terms of rewards and punishments: egocentric Level 2: conventional morality o People approach moral problems as members of society: interested in pleasing others by acting as good members of society: conforming and doing what others expect Level 3: postconventional o Use moral principles which are seen as broader than those of any particular society
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3. Be able to clearly explain classical conditioning (Pavlovian) and operant conditioning
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SG psych test 2 - SG psych test 2 5 learning 6 memory 10...

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