SG psych test 2

SG psych test 2 - SG psych test 2 5 learning 6 memory 10...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
SG psych test 2 5 learning 6 memory 8 motivation and emotion 9 development 10 personality 1. Jean Piaget’s four Stages of Cognitive development. Stages differ in the quantity and quality of info acquired Stage Age characteristics Sensorimotor Birth-2 *Children understand by touching, sucking, chewing, shaking, manipulate objects. Children have little understanding of images, language, symbols. *At this stage, children do not have object permanence (objects continue to exist even if they are out of sight) Preoperational 2-7 *Use of language and symbols. *Egocentric thought : views world entirely through his/her own perspective. (if I can’t see them, they can’t see me). * Principle of conservation: quantity is unrelated to arrangement and physical appearance. (amount, volume, length, does not change when shape/configuration is changed.) Concrete operational mastery 7-12 *masters conservation *overcomes egocentrism *bound to concrete physical reality of the world, difficulty with abstractions or the hypothetical Formal operational 12-adult *use of logical techniques to solve problems, not limited to experience Schema - basic concepts/mental mold o Assimilation -adding new info to existing schemas o Trying to fit a cow/elephant into doggie schema Accommodation o Developing complicated schemas (like seeing the difference between pet, farm and zoo animals.) 2. Kohlberg’s three levels of moral reasoning Level 1: preconventional morality o Concrete interests of the individual are considered in terms of rewards and punishments: egocentric Level 2: conventional morality o People approach moral problems as members of society: interested in pleasing others by acting as good members of society: conforming and doing what others expect Level 3: postconventional o Use moral principles which are seen as broader than those of any particular society
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
3. Be able to clearly explain classical conditioning (Pavlovian) and operant conditioning
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

SG psych test 2 - SG psych test 2 5 learning 6 memory 10...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online