Class Notes Nov. 9

Class Notes Nov. 9 - Nov. 9 Evolution and Race Before the...

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Nov. 9 Evolution and Race Before the 19 th Century - the term ‘race’ mostly referred to cultural, religious, or linguistic difference - in the 1800s, the term began to be use as a biological category Essentialism is another word for biological determinism Petrus Camper - Measured skulls and claimed that the facial angle in negroid peoples was closer to the ape than it was in the European face Linnaeus - four racial categories among humans: Americanus, Asiaticus, Africanus (or Afer), and Europaeus - Only in the 10 th edition of his - Only in the 10 th edition of his Systema Naturae did he ascribe behavioral characteristics to each of these groups - In the 19 th century, it became popular to ascribe national characteristics to different peoples Buffon - Correlation between skin color and degree of civilization - white as the “true natural color of man” - nonetheless a monogenist who attributed human difference to degeneration - Odom called him a cautious nominalist (nominalism argues that the objects to which a single, generic word is given have nothing in common other than the name itself
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Class Notes Nov. 9 - Nov. 9 Evolution and Race Before the...

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