3411236581 - CHAPTER 1: TEXAS HISTORY AND CULTURE...

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CHAPTER 1: CHAPTER 1: TEXAS TEXAS HISTORY AND HISTORY AND CULTURE CULTURE
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Historical Development of Texas Historical Development of Texas Government in the 19th Century Government in the 19th Century The Texas Republic Early Statehood and Secession Post-Civil War Texas Progressives and Reform
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Texas History: The Republic (1836-45) Texas History: The Republic (1836-45) No political parties, but pro- and anti-Houston policies Voters approve annexation to the U.S. in 1836 Final annexation is delayed by slavery until December 29, 1845: Texas retained control over public lands (and subsequent oil and gas resources); Texas had the option of creating 4 new states
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(1846-1864) (1846-1864) Sam Houston runs for governor against secession (defeated in 1857, but elected 1859) Texas seceded from the U.S. in 1860
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Post-Civil War Texas (1865-1885) Post-Civil War Texas (1865-1885) June 19, 1865: Federal troops sent into Texas to control chaos Black Codes passed that restricted rights of freed slaves Reconstruction under Gov. E. J. Davis brings Texas back into the Union and centralizes power Constitution of 1876 restricted that power, cut expenditures, and decentralized government
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The Reformers: James Hogg The Reformers: James Hogg Elected Attorney General in 1886, ensured enforcement of anti-trust legislation (insurance companies, railroads, corporate interests) Elected governor in 1890, established three member Railroad Commission Supported by Democratic Party leader Edward M. House
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Farmer Jim: 1914-1918 Farmer Jim: 1914-1918 James E. Ferguson emphasized his rural background with the name “Farmer Jim” Anti-prohibitionist and progressive in policy, helped tenant farmers, promoted rural schools and college education Impeached and convicted in 1917 on charges of illegal use of public funds, barred from holding public office in Texas
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World War I and The Twenties World War I and The Twenties Progressivism blunted during the war Change is attempted under Gov. Pat Neff elected in 1921, but fails Prohibitionism and suffrage were the key issues The Ku Klux Klan re-emerged in the 1920s as a fundamentalist Christian, patriotic, anti-foreign secret society which intimidated blacks Miriam “Ma” Ferguson elected Texas’ first female governor in 1924
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The Great Depression: 1929-1939 The Great Depression: 1929-1939
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This note was uploaded on 09/18/2009 for the course ACC 3023 taught by Professor Dennislopez during the Spring '09 term at Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College.

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3411236581 - CHAPTER 1: TEXAS HISTORY AND CULTURE...

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