Saudi Peninsula 2

Saudi Peninsula 2 - Jazirat al-Arab = Island of the Arabs...

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Jazirat al-Arab = Island of the Arabs (Saudi Peninsula = 7 States) Saudi Arabia UAE = United Arab Emirates Bahrain Kuwait Qatar Oman Yemen
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700 years of Middle East History 3 points of significance Source region for Semite peoples (Arab, Hebrew, Aramaic) 46% of world’s known petroleum reserves Oil first exploited in the 1940s, later 1970s
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Largest Oil Producers Saudi Arabia Iraq UAE Kuwait Aramco Headquarters at Dharhan, Saudi Arabia
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Saudi Arabia 27 million (estimated 2006) Independent in 1932 th in the world Greatest reserves of petroleum; largest oil terminal; largest storage tanks; largest desalinization plant; largest airport More west-oriented than some other countries in region, yet a conservative Islam
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Ethnically , Saudi Arabia is about Arab 90% and Afro-Asian 10% Islamic = 100%
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Saudi Arabia Evidence of homo erectus populations (1 million years – tools from Olduvai Gorge; other tools 17,000 yrs. old) Long coasts of the Red Sea and the Gulf Coast Rapid development after 1950 1999 = 80% Urban (Bedouin population declined to 4% in the 1990s) Implemented a series of 5-year plans that focus on the development of human services & resources
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Kingdom Tower, Riyadh First Sky Scraper in Saudi Arabia 80% urban
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Saudi Arabia Population in 1963 = 3.3 million 1992 = 16.9 million (30% population were expats) 1999 = 21 million (5.5 million expats) 2006 = 27 million Park in Riyadh
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Typical mud-brick Aseeri House in Al Maa village in Al Abha, Saudi Arabia Saudi Men Discussing at Camel Market
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Age- Structure of Saudi Arabia 0-14 years: 38.2% 15-64 years: 59.4% 65 years and over: 2.4% Growth Rate = 2.18% Life Expectancy total population: 75.67 male: 73.66 years female: 77.78 years (2006 est.) About 80% Literacy
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Top 5 Cities in Saudi Arabia in Population (top 4 over 1 million each) Riyadh – capital (2.5 million) Jeddah 2 nd Dammam Makkah Mecca - the holiest city in Islam Madinah the second holiest city in Islam, traditionally spelled Medina in English
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Population & People scattered over large, remote distances Bedouin population often move Even Urban population shifts
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Saudi Arabia 18 century – family of Saud emerged Over time, the family allied itself with a religious reformer Together, they expanded power & territory in the
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Saudi Peninsula 2 - Jazirat al-Arab = Island of the Arabs...

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