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Iran lecture notes

Iran lecture notes - Iran lecture notes Sept 08 Area =...

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Iran lecture notes – Sept 08 Area = 636.294 sq.mi Tehran = 7 mil. Mountainous rim with high central basin with deserts & mountains; discontinuous plains along both coasts - Kuh-e Damavand 5,671 m = highest point (meter = 39 inches) Rural/urban 40/60 Language = Farsi; Azeri; Turkish; Kurdish (Armenian?) Ethnic make-up = 51% Persian; 24% Azeri; 8% Gilaki & Mazandarani; 7% Kurd; 10% others Religion = 89% Shi’a; 10% Sunni; 1% Zoroastrain, Jewish, Christian, or Bahai Life expectancy = 69 years male; 72 female Infant mortality = 38/1,000 Adult literacy = 79.4%; compulsory free ed. 6-10 Peaks at 18,000,000 + Dasht-i-Kavir & Dasht-i-Lut (this one, one of “most desolate & inhospitable regions in the world.” Wind of 100 days; dust, high temps Little rainfall; except near Caspian, 80” rainfall annually, most densely populated. (sub- tropical climate) Azerbaijan in the NW and Khuzestan near Iraq borher, and Tehran are also heavily populated. Water was nationalized in 1967. Use of qanats – some built 1000s of years ago and are still in use. Make existence possible for Iran’s rural population Tehran = 7 million Growth Rate = .66%; Birth Rate = 16.89 births/1,000 population (US = 14.18 births/1,000 population (2008 est.) Substantial rural population – isolated, attached to place and to past, family and traditions, and thus is critical part of conservative regime. Persians moved into Iran around 1100 BC. Settled in Parsa province. Established world’s first empire. First capital = Persepolis
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Ethnicity: largest group is Azeri Turks; NW Iran, and date back to Persian Empire. Turks
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