Intro to situation & Lemon Tree Power Point

Intro to situation & Lemon Tree Power Point -...

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Israeli Flag Palestinian Flag
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Old Jerusalem Sacred for Jews, Christians, & Muslims
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Area = 20,770 sq km = slightly smaller than New Jersey Temperate = hot & dry = southern & eastern desert areas Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley Lowest point = Dead Sea -408 m Highest point : Har Meron 1,208 m Arable land = 15.45% Irrigated Agriculture = 1,940 sq km Israel CROPS: citrus, vegetables, cotton; beef, poultry, dairy products WATER = critical issue
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Israel - Palestine What is traditionally known as historic Palestine (the land of Palestine up to 1948) has a land area of 26,323km2 (10,162 square miles) The West Bank and Gaza Strip = Occupied Palestine. The Gaza Strip is 365 km2; 45 km long and 5-12 km wide Capital = Jerusalem Israel proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital in 1950, but the US, like nearly all other countries, maintains its Embassy in Tel Aviv Palestinians - The capital is Jerusalem (al-Quds in Arabic). Palestine's other cities include Haifa, Jaffa, Safad, Asqalan, Akko & Ramlah (contained within historic Palestine) & Jenin, Tulkaram, Nablus, Jericho, Ram Allah, Bethlehem, Hebron (within the West Bank) & Gaza City, Khan Yunis & Rafah (within Gaza).
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Creation of Israel in 1948 Israelis took more land, Palestinians fled Three wars 1956, 1967 (gained additional land), 1973 Intifada (1987) – Palestinian uprisings protesting Jewish settlements Subsequent Wars US government policy supports Israelis Arab-Israeli Conflict
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Israeli Settlements Three rural types evolved Kibbutz (1921) = commune based on agriculture Moshav = smallholder cooperative settlement on government land (family-operated) Moshav shittufi = combination of first two types (individual homesteads, but cooperative agricultural holdings) Urban Of more than 650 Arab villages before & during the Mandate years, 394 were destroyed by Israeli forces Although Zionism emphasized rural living, migration to cities occurred, so planning was necessary
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Art by Brazilian Artist, Latuff
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Palestinians Palestinians are an Arab people Their total population is between 7.5 and 8.5 million according to official statistics More than four and a half million are refugees, scattered within Palestine and abroad (known as the Diaspora) There are close to a million Palestinians living in Israel and they are referred to as Israeli Arabs More than two million live in the West Bank Another million live in the Gaza Strip. The rest are spread throughout the Middle East, with communities in Europe, the US, Latin America and elsewhere.
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Age Structure & Growth Rate of Israelis and Palestinians Israel 0-14 years: 26.3% 15-64 years: 63.9% 65 years and over: 9.8% Growth Rate = 1.18% Palestinians = More than 50% of the registered refugee population in Palestine, for example, is under the age of 15
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Intro to situation & Lemon Tree Power Point -...

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