Intro Middle East & North Africa - 2008

Intro Middle East & North Africa - 2008 - N Africa...

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Unformatted text preview: N. Africa S.W. Asia Reference 4000 miles from Morocco through Iran World Cultural Hearth Petroleum Industry Islam Over 24 countries Pivotal region for 3 main world religions Arid Region Southwest Asia & North Africa • Region extends 4,000 miles • Culture hearth –region has witnessed cultural innovations & diffusion to other parts of world • Development of petroleum industry = large impact OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) – member countries profoundly influence global prices & production targets for petroleum – 65% of Earth’s oil • Islamic fundamentalism – aspect of Islam that advocates return to more traditional practices, calls for merger of civil & religious authority, & challenges encroachment of global popular culture Life in a Fragile Environment • Region is complex in landforms & climate • Lengthy legacy of human settlement • “Environmental warfare” – Gulf War & Beyond… – Soil & Plant Degradation – Water & Air Pollution • Regional Lanforms • Maghreb – region that includes Morocco, Algeria, & Tunisia • Levant – eastern Mediterranean region of Southwest Asia • Anatolia – peninsula of Turkey (AKA Asia Minor) • Iraq (Mesopotamia/Fertile Crescent) – Tigris & Euphrates rivers • Patterns of Climate • Complex climate region because of altitude, latitude, & expanse Old Jerusalem Sacred for Jews, Christians, & Muslims Regions of North Africa & South West Asia The Maghreb & Libya Morocco – Algeria – Tunisia - Libya Egypt & the Lower Nile Basin About 95% of Egypt’s Population Lives along the Nile Egypt - Gift of the Nile Arabian Peninsula • Saudi Arabia • Yemen • Oman • United Arab Emirates • Qatar • Bahrain • Kuwait • Israel • Lebanon • Syria • Jordon • Iraq Middle East Settlement Along Exotic Rivers...
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Intro Middle East & North Africa - 2008 - N Africa...

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