historical overview - mid east

historical overview - mid east - Terms/Concepts Sequent...

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Terms/Concepts Diffusion Patterns of Distribution Migration of People, Ideas (Philosophy/Religion), Cradle of Civilization Birthplace of 3 Monotheistic Faiths Tri-continental junction
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More Terms… Heritage of Region Early Peoples/Periods Paleolithic - Old Stone Age Neolithic - New Stone Age Irrigation Domestication Region of Successive Empires Culture - through language, religion, ethnicity, class, values, beliefs, common histories, politics, agriculture, art, philosophy. .. Encounters with the West misconceptions about differences between East & West (stereotypes) European colonialism & US political imperialism
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15,000 BC: end of the ice age 12,000 BC: small urban centers develop in Jordan valley and Syria , houses in pits 9500 BC : agriculture (sowing and harvesting); 8000 BC: domestication of animals , pastoral nomadic life 7500 BC: Catal Huyuk (Taurus mountains - eastern Anatolia), obsidian trade, terraced roofs 6500 BC: mixed cereal and livestock farming 6200 BC: Samarra culture - north Iraq, motifs on pottery, planned settlements, egalitarian society 6000 BC: Ubaid culture (south Iraq), irrigation, riverside settlements 4200 BC: Susa is founded in western Persia 3600 BC: Akkadians emigrate from Syria to southern Mesopotamia 3500 BC: Sumerians control city-states between the lower Euphrates and Tigris rivers: Eridu, Ur, Uruk, Lagash, Umma, Nippur 3200 BC: Sumerians invent the wheel ; 3100 BC: Sumerians of Uruk invent cuneiform writing 3000 BC: Sumerians employ mathematics on base 60 (360 degrees in a circle, 60 minutes in an hour) 2900 BC: Uruk has 40,000 people and is divided in an administrative and a residential city; agriculture is delegated to farmers outside the city Chronology of Ancient Middle East
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Mesopotamia – 2500 BC The first civilization is thought to have arisen in Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers People built huts, raised cattle, and farmed for their food. They built huge temples (called ziggurats) and monuments They were the first to gather in large city- states. Among these were Kish, Lagash, Ur, and Uruk Sumeria
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2334 BC: Sargon defeats Lugalzagesi conquers Uruk, Ur, Lagash and Umma, thus uniting Akkadian and Sumerian peoples, thus becoming the first emperor in history 2320 BC: Sargon invades Lebanon and the Taurus Mountains and creates the Akkadian empire 2018 BC: the Sumerian empire disintegrates 2000 BC: the game of chess ("shatranj") develops in Persia 1900 BC: the cities of Assur and Nineveh form an
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historical overview - mid east - Terms/Concepts Sequent...

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