Egypt - compressed - Egypt Meeting Place of East West City...

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Egypt – Meeting Place of East & West City Life Begins in Egypt in about 3000 BC; Nomadic Life along the Nile in 6000 BC
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386,258 sq.mi. Egypt is about 3 x the size of New Mexico Ethnic Makeup = 99% Eastern Hamitic (Egyptian, Bedouin, Arab, Nubian); 1% others
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Diverse peoples & creeds 94% Sunni Muslim 6% Coptic Christian 51 Jewish Families Nubians from the south, Bedoins from the East & West Deserts Greek Legacy
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Upper Egypt, near Sudanese Border Doors Painted Nubian-style A unified kingdom in Egypt arose circa 3200 B.C. A series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next 3 millennia
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Conquests, Occupations, Dates, People Merging of Upper & Lower Egypt = 3000 BC Persian conquest = 525 BC Greeks (Alex. the Great & Ptolomies) = 332-323 BC; 304-30 BC Romans = 30 BC–476 AD Byzantines = 476-640 AD Islam = 642 AD Ottoman Turks 1517-1914 British after 1882 Independent Egypt = July 23, 1952 1954 = Gamal Abd al-Nasser 1978 = Anwar al Sadat & Prime Minister Begin of Israel awarded Nobel Peace Prize Mohammed Hosni Mubarak – 1981 Naguib Mahfouz – 1988 Boutros Boutros-Ghali, 1992-1996
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Abu Simbel –moved, piece- by-piece in the 1960s Lake Nasser Upper Egypt Aswan High Dam - 1971
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West of the Nile is the Western Desert – an area slightly smaller than Texas East of the Nile is the Eastern Desert & Sinai
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