Afghanistan revised 2009

Afghanistan revised 2009 - Afghanistan Elizabeth...

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Afghanistan Elizabeth Larson-Keagy, PhD, School of Geographical Sciences, ASU
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Afghanistan: Cultural Geography, Demography, and Post-9-11 Reconstruction Where is Afghanistan? Afghan Demographics? Reconstructing Afghanistan post 9-11
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Afghanistan served as a buffer between the British & Russian empires until it became independent from British control in 1919. Landlocked – bordered by Iran, Pakistan, China, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, & Tajikistan
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Afghanistan is about the same size as which of the following? 1. Connecticut 1. Arizona 1. Texas 1. Australia
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Who Are the Afghanis? Population? Growth Rate? Ethnic Composition?
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Historically, successive waves of human population have moved through Afghanistan . Invaders & traders settled in this pathway between West and East, and left the region very multi-ethnic in composition. Evidence of early humans = at least 50,000 years ago . Afghanistan -- conquered by Alexander the Great in B.C. 329 and again trounced by Genghis Khan and his Mongol army in 1219
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Ethnic Composition of Afghanistan Pashtun = 38% Tajik = 25% Hazara = 19% - 9% Uzbek = 6%
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: 31,889,923 (July 2007 est.) Population Age Structure : 0-14 years: 44.6% 15-64 years: 53% 65 years and over: 2.4% Population Growth Rate : 2.6% (very fast-growth) If growth rate remains at 2.6% annually, in 27 yrs, the population of Afghanistan will double. The border between Afghanistan & Pakistan is about the same length
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Afghanistan revised 2009 - Afghanistan Elizabeth...

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