Week Fifteen culture change ppt - Week Fifteen Culture...

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Week Fifteen Culture Change
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The Fast Runner Discussion Questions: 1. What was the main story of the film? 2. What was the moral point of the film? 3. What aspects of Inuit culture does the film show us? Subsistence, Residence, Reciprocity, Marriage, Gender Roles, Ritual
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The Fast Runner Humans in the Land: how our human ancestors survived in the environment
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Cultures change A. How do cultures change? B. The Price of Progress C. The responsibility of anthropologists
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A. How do cultures change? Two ways: innovation or diffusion/borrowing 1) Innovation: a) inventions; b) changing/ improving the methods of doing something; adoption of a new thing or idea 2) Diffusion/ borrowing: the spreading of a thing, idea or behavior pattern from one culture to another. (Only 10% of cultural items originated in the culture; the rest diffused)
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“One Hundred Percent American” by Ralph Linton in Annual Editions, pg. 26
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Patterns of Diffusion 1) selectivity a) superior to what exists b) consistent with existing cultural patterns c) easily understood d) can be tested on a trial basis e) benefits clearly visible 2) reciprocity (moves both ways) 3) modification 4) likelihood (material over ideas; a bulldozer over Buddhism)
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Acculturation a type of diffusion that occurs as a result of sustained contact between two societies, one of which is often subordinate to the other. To what extent is acculturation voluntary? “Free choice” vs. Coercion
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Diamond: “Acculturation has always been a matter of conquest. .. Refugees from the weaker groups may adopt the standards of the more potent society in order to survive as individuals. But these are conscripts of civilization, not volunteers.”
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2009 for the course ANTH 103 taught by Professor Moodie during the Spring '07 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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Week Fifteen culture change ppt - Week Fifteen Culture...

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