16_risk___resilience - Risk and resilience: Explaining...

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1 1 Risk and resilience: Explaining individual differences • Four key risk factors (Rutter, et al.): –Family discord –Parental social deviance (criminal or psychiatric) –Social disadvantage (e.g., low SES, large number of children close in age) –Poor school environment (e.g., high rates of turnover and absence among staff and pupils) 2 Average IQ scores for 13-year-olds From Sameroff et al. (1993) Cumulative effects of risk factors 3 Resilient children • Resilient children: – could recover quickly from the adverse effects of early experience – could persevere in the face of stress with no apparent negative psychological consequences • Protective factors from: – Individual characteristics… – Family characteristics… – Community characteristics…
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2 4 Child risk factors • Infancy and early childhood: –irregularity of biological functions, negative responses to new situations and people, frequent negative mood • Middle childhood: –easily distracted (i.e., short attention span), had a hard
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2009 for the course PSYCH 2090 taught by Professor Goldstein, m during the Spring '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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16_risk___resilience - Risk and resilience: Explaining...

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