19_early_childhood_cog_dev - 1 Early childhood (2 - 6...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Early childhood (2 - 6 years) 1. Characteristics of childrens thought 2. Physiological changes 3. Piaget 4. Domain-general accounts of cognitive development 5. Domain-speciFc accounts 1 Patterns of thinking Patchwork of competent and incompetent thought- mixture of sound logic, magical thinking Is inconsistency due to varying familiarity with tasks? Due to characteristics of underlying biological substrates? Physiological growth After 3rd birthday, rate of growth slows to 2 - 3 inches/year Walking pattern matures:- plantigrade gait- improved balance: walks with hands at sides Improvements in Fne motor skills 2 Neural changes Brain maturation:- 2 years: 50% adult weight- 6 years: 90% adult weight Ongoing myelination in frontal cortex, hippocampus Piaget Constructivist: Knowledge is built from action Method: interviewed children to assess their cognitive capacities Development is stagelike Piagets stages of cognitive development Sensorimotor (birth - 2 years):- thinking based on physical activity...
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19_early_childhood_cog_dev - 1 Early childhood (2 - 6...

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