21_early_childhood_social_dev_2 - Sex-role identity...

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1 Sex-role identity formation as a cognitive process (Kohlberg) Emphasizes active role of child results from child’s structuring of his/her experience (contrast with social learning theory) 1 Three stages of sex-role identity formation (Kohlberg) Basic sex-role identity : - by 3 years, child can label him/herself as a boy or girl Sex-role stability : - by 4 - 6 years, understand that sex roles are stable over the lifetime Sex-role constancy : - Gain understanding that outward appearance (e.g. long hair) does not alter underlying gender 2 Gender schema theory Multiple mechanisms: - observation, imitation, schema formation schema is a mental model used to organize information about something (organize multiple behavioral scripts) Explains selective attention, memory effects 3
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2 Gender schema theory Different approach than Kohlberg: - early schematic organizations accounts for early gender segregation/imitation - not a stage-based model schemas are gradually modiFed over time
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2009 for the course PSYCH 2090 taught by Professor Goldstein, m during the Spring '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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21_early_childhood_social_dev_2 - Sex-role identity...

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