CHE 141 - Lecture 2 Alchemy

CHE 141 - Lecture 2 Alchemy - Alchemy From H. Khunrath,...

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Alchemy From H. Khunrath, Amphitheater of Eternal Wisdom , Germany, 1609
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Where does “Chemistry” come from? ± Medieval Latin: alchimia, from ± Arabic: al-k ! m ! ya, from ? ± Traditional view (Plutarch, ca. 100 C.E.): From Kh " mia ( #$ µ ), the name used by Egyptians for their country (land of black soil). ± But maybe from Greek Kh meia ( () µ ), derived from kh ma ( () µ ), meaning bar or ingot , ‘that which is poured.’
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Where does “Chemistry” come from? ± Or maybe from Chinese: Gold or metal = jin or chin or kim , depending on dialect and transliteration. ± We will probably never know the exact origin of the word, but the hunt reveals the importance of Chinese, Egyptian, and Arabic cultures in the roots of modern chemistry: alchemy. A. R. Butler and R. A. Reid, Chemistry in Britain, 1986, 311-2 .
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CHINESE IDEOGRAMS FOR THE SEVEN METALS Gold Jin Silver Yin Iron Tie Mercury Gong --- Tin Xi Copper Tong Lead Qian
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Modern Chinese Periodic Table
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Historical Origins of Alchemy Hellenistic Egypt ( ca. 300 B.C.E.-100 C.E.) Thoth , god of wisdom; inventor of art, science, healing, and writing. + Hermes , called Trismegistus in alchemical texts. God of commerce, invention, cunning, and theft. Legendary author of works on astrology, alchemy, magic (the Hermetic arts). + Mercury (Roman), messenger of the gods, god of commerce.
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god of wisdom; inventor of art, science, healing, and writing. From
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CHE 141 - Lecture 2 Alchemy - Alchemy From H. Khunrath,...

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