SOC 101 final notes

SOC 101 final notes - Sociology 101 Prelim 2 Exam Review...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sociology 101 Prelim 2 – Exam Review Lecture Slides Lecture 8: Micro sociology and Social Action Structure v Agency o Structure: the processes and features of society (the economy, race relations) to which individuals are exposed and which may affect individuals in various ways o Agency: the intentional, volitional, and independent actions of the individuals o Micro sociology : the study of social action o Social exchange : the trading of resources, services, favors, sentiments, and symbols between people (economic sociology, network analysis) o Social control and deviance - conformity to or breaching of norms and laws o Collective behavior I: Crowds and disasters- participation in group/crowd behavior, disaster evacuation o Collective behavior II: Religion and social movements- organized, pre planned forms of collective behavior o Socialization: the learning of social roles, behaviors, identities o Impression management- the control of one’s own behavior to make certain impressions o Structure and emotion : the influence of social conditions on emotion Criticisms of Early Macrosociology o Was overly abstract and too theoretical o Relied on methodological holism or collectivism (where societies are the primary objects of study) Gave rise to misleading organismic analogy (i.e. society as a living organism) Yielded oversimplified models of social phenomena which ignored heterogeneity Ignored the role of individuals Microsociology o Zooms in to observe individuals, dyads, triads, and how social actions work at these levels o Usually adopts methodological individualism - individuals and other micro structures (dyads and triads) should be the main objects of study o Consider both how individuals affect structure (agency) and how structure affects individual behavior (structure) Social Action o Social Action: any actions that a given individual undertakes with other people in mind DOES NOT INCLUDE Behavior oriented toward objects
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Solitary behavior Non-social physical contact Simple imitation o Types of social action Instrumentally rational : action taken with explicit consideration of means and ends (goal oriented) Value rational: action taken to adhere to a given value system Affectual : action stemming from feelings and emotions Traditional: action occurring out of habit, routine, tradition o Dyads v Triads Purely triadic phenomena Indirect connectedness- A reaches B not only directly but also indirectly through C “divide and conquer” – A can manipulate the relationship between B and C to achieve some goal Coalition formation: A and B can gang up/conspire against C Gatekeeping- A can ‘block’ B from C Brokerage: A can charge B for relaying things from C Lecture 9: Social Exchange Theory Social Exchange Theory o Examines non material exchange (e.g. favors sentiments, symbols) o Often focuses on non formal market exchange o Recognizes the social motivations behind exchange behavior
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 11

SOC 101 final notes - Sociology 101 Prelim 2 Exam Review...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online