PAM 203 review

PAM 203 review - PAM 2030: Study Guide Chapter 7: The...

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PAM 2030: Study Guide Chapter 7: The Migration Transition pages 262-305 Main Points: 1. Migration is the process of changing residence and moving your whole round of social activities from one place to another 2. The migration transition initially referred to internal migration occurring as a result of population growth, which created a redundant rural population 3. Migration can be assessed in terms of flows (the movement of people) or stocks (the characteristics of people according to their migration status) 4. Explanation of why people move typically begin with the push pull theory, first formulated in the late nineteenth century 5. Migration is selective and is associated with especially age, gender, and different stages in the life cycle, giving rise to the idea that migration is an implementing strategy- a means to a desired end 6. Migration within countries tends to be for economic reasons, bt housing related moves are especially common in the United States 7. Major theories offered to explain international migration include neoclassical economics the new household economics of migration, the dual labor market theory, world systems theory, network theory, institutional theory and cumulative causation. 8. Global patterns of migration include the east-west movement of Europeans, the south-north movement of labor and the circulation of labor from less developed to emerging economies, and the remittances that these migrants send home represent and important economic resource for the countries of origin 9. Migration of all kinds, whether forced or voluntary demands adjustment to a new environment on the part of the migrant, and sets in motion a societal response to the immigrant on the part of the receiving society 10. Ross Baker once suggested that the ‘first law of demographic directionality” is that a body that has headed west remains ast west, and while that is still generally an accurate statement for the world, it is no longer as true in the United States as it once was. Who Migrates? Younger people Smaller the family and younger the children in a family Women have same migration rates as men Explanations for International Migration Neoclassical economics approach o People move to places where greatest opportunities exist. The may not move to the place where average wages are currently the highest, but where the individual migrant believs that in the long run, his or her own skills will earn the greatest income New Household economics of migration
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o Decisions about migration are often made in the context of what is best for an entire family or household Dual Labor market theory o In developed regions of the world there are essentially two kinds of ob markets: the primary sector, which employs well educated people, pays them well, and offers them security and benefits; secondary labor market with lower paying jobs and unstable working conditions World Systems Theory: o world market has been developing and expanding into a set of core nations
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2009 for the course PAM 2300 taught by Professor Avery,r. during the Fall '06 term at Cornell.

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PAM 203 review - PAM 2030: Study Guide Chapter 7: The...

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