PAM 203 final review - PAM 203 : Titles and Authors for...

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PAM 203 : Titles and Authors for Final Exam… and very brief explanations of each reading Article Author Brief Summary Marriage as Public Policy Lichter Discussed the personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA). Married women have much lower rates of poverty and are less dependent on government assitance than single or divorced mothers Government should not just encourage marriage but encourage reducing unwed childbearing which is a bigger problem Welfare Reform: How do we Measure Success Lichter and Jayakody Effects of 1996 welfare reform bill … created TANF: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Married women have lower rates of poverty than nonmarried women Race to the bottom: devoluation revoluation: giving states flexibility to design and implement their own welfare policies We currently do not know the effects of welfare reform The Dynamics of Racial Residential segregation Camille Charles Fair housing act of 1968 marked end of public discussion of residential segregation however communities are still segregated based on race Asians are the least segregated nonwhite group Spatial Assimiation: asserts that indiiduals convert socioeconomic gains into higher quality housing by leaving ethnic neighborhoods for areas with more whites Residential gains for hispanics and asians are much higher than those for blacks; blacks do not see a payoff for improved social class Place stratification model: racial/ethnic minorities are sorted by place according to their group’s relative standing in society, limiting the ability of even the socially mobile members to reside in the same communities as comparable whites In group preference hypothesis: all groups have strong desires for neighborhoods with substantial numbers of coethnics Consequences of residential segregation: concentrated poverty neighborhoods exhibit high rates of long term oblessness, out of wedlock births, school drop out, crime and social disorder, and lower average wages for those work. A 1 standard deviation reduction in segregation would eliminate 1/3 of white black differences in rates of high school completion, single parenthood, and employment as well as earnings. Segregation matters because it results in exposure to unusually high levels of violence while growing up Addressing population in poverty reduction strategies Lori S
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2009 for the course PAM 2300 taught by Professor Avery,r. during the Fall '06 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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PAM 203 final review - PAM 203 : Titles and Authors for...

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