Lesson2Assignment - grouped. Grouping is based on how...

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Sarah Friedman Lesson 2 Assignment 1. Music is the art of deliberate arrangements of sounds with silence in a given amount of time. 2. The four properties of a single sound include pitch, loudness, timbre, and duration. Pitch is an individual sensation of the highness or lowness of a sound; in physics this is measured by the frequency of vibration of a sound. Loudness is the magnitude or volume of a musical sound. For example, a sound heard can either be very loud or very soft, or anywhere in between the two extremes. Timbre is relevant to quality of the sound produced—timbre differs across different types of instruments. The unique sound of a guitar is different from the sound of a trumpet—they have different timbres because each instrument produces different tones. Duration is the time quality that applies to a sound— how long a sound lasts. 3. The four elements of duration are beat, tempo, meter, and rhythm. Beat, usually constant in jazz music, is the time unit of music—the pulse. Tempo is how fast the beat is, the speed of the pulse. Meter is how beats in music are
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Unformatted text preview: grouped. Grouping is based on how notes/sounds are stressed or accented. Rhythm is the variation of sounds over time. Employing all the elements of duration, rhythm is how sound is arranged within a measure. 4. Melody is a sequence of the different properties of a single sound. The different pitches and rhythms in a melody are perceived as a single entity. While melody is considered to be the horizontal aspect of music, harmony is considered to be the vertical aspect of music, or the complement. Harmony is the simultaneous sounding of notes, which adds supporting pitches to the melody in order to make the piece whole. The term texture refers to how harmony and melody exist together. When one melody is combined with harmony the piece is considered to be homophony. When two ore more melodic lines exist at the same time the piece is polyphony. Finally when one melody exists by itself with no harmony accompaniment, the piece is monophony....
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2009 for the course MUSIC 273 taught by Professor Forgot during the Spring '09 term at Wisconsin.

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