16 - 4.16 16/04/2009 13:04:00 Are others like me?...

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4.16 16/04/2009 13:04:00 Are others like me? Egocentrism: Yes Think others know what you know Theory of mind Other people’s mental states Testing TOM: false belief task o Passed around 3-4 years o Child is unable to understand that the teddy bear does not know what they know o Not passed by many kids with autism E.g, eye gaze direction Kids with autism did not use eye gaze direction Why? Controversial Argue that kids with autism are not mind-blind but there are other reasons why they would not do well at these tasks Relationships Toddlers: beginnings of friendships More social play (as opposed to parallel play) o Prefer toddler to adults o Prefer friends
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More conflict with friends…why? Pretend play (~18 months) o Discover world risk-free o Symbolic play—object substitution Feeding pillow Driving a box o Culturally conditioned What adults do By 3, play more complex o Dramatic play, planning o Sociodramatic play Peaks at 6: coordinated fantasies Rigidity: sign of stress o “I need that ONE stick to pretend to be the sword. It can’t be any other stick” Peer acceptance Rate peers o Even3-5 year olds can do Types do we need to know about stability of types o Popular: most positives o Rejected: most negatives (especially aggressive)
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o Neglected: liked or disliked by few o Average o Controversial: liked by many and disliked by many Outlook o Rejected kids are more at risk More school problems
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16 - 4.16 16/04/2009 13:04:00 Are others like me?...

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