22 - Child Psych 1 12:54:00 Thinking developmentally What...

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Child Psych 1 22/01/2009 12:54:00 Thinking developmentally What changes, what doesn’t? What causes change? Roles of Nature: innate stuff o Rousseau(18 th century)— nativism People cannot change, we are who we are from birth Innately pure o Experience-independent change Genetic factors: chromosomal abnormalities (down syndrome), eye color, temperament Maturational time-tables: growing teeth, learning to walk, timing of language development Hormonal changes: menstruation, bird-song acquisition (baby birds learn to sing from daddy birds, which is proven to be hormonally-driven) Reflexes: newborn humans (born with reflex to sort of swim), and newborn non-humans (horses can immediately walk after birth) Instincts: spider’s web, cricket song, imprinting (baby animals (avian) follow around the first moving thing they see Imprinting: Ducklings on Konrad Lorenz’s boot Amazing, species-specific talents Ants: knows its way around and most direct route due to ‘dead reckoning’ which is computing its speed vs distance, velocity by angle Nurture: experience o Locke (17 th century)— empiricism Child as tabula rasa , written on by experience, blank slate
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