7 - 560 4/7 Attachment 13:02:00 Reciprocal ties between...

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560 4/7 07/04/2009 13:02:00 Attachment Reciprocal ties between parents and infants From interactions with caregivers: synchronized routines, ways of relating Develops over time Big individual differences Bowlby: Attachment Theory o Naturalistic observation War orphans (WWII) Infants in orphanages Hospitalized toddlers 1940s institutions: 1/10-20 ratio 1 st part of 1 st year: 3-6 month olds: typical development smile, cry, babble 2 nd part of 1 st year: 6 months: behavior changes quiet, insensitive to others, high mortality rate almost like autistic-like behavior o Bowldby’s Evolutionary explanation Safety mechanism for exploring
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Imprinting? Separation = danger? Separation increases distress Closeness decreases distress Parent = secure base (e.g, social referencing) Pre-Attachment (0-6 weeks): need close contact Attachment in the making (to 6-8 months) Starting to make distinctions between familiar and new people Onset of stranger anxiety Clear-cut Attachment (up to 18-24 month olds) Caregiver as secure base Reciprocal relationships Internal working model (IWM) of self and other
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