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Unformatted text preview: 560 3/24 24/03/2009 13:00:00 Names for Things How many words do college students know? 40,0000- 60,000 How do young children learn word meanings? Map words into the world The gavagai problem (Quine 1960) Rabbit crosses the field the informant points to the rabbit and says gavagi. o What can it mean? Moving, rabbit, fur, type Each word has infinite possible meanings, if you dont know what it means already How do kids find the right meaning? Constraints on word meanings Markman: Kids are more likely to choose some meanings than others Whole object constraint: words = whole objects o Fish part, color, texture o Problem: Also need to label parts of objects Additional constraint: mutual exclusivity Each object has only one label New word: Fin If knows Fish, Fin = part, color, texture Fast Mapping Map novel words to novel item Carey: Fast mapping, 2 year olds o Label new color once with novel word:...
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2009 for the course PSY 560 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Wisconsin.
- Spring '08