Test 3 Essay Outlines

Test 3 Essay Outlines - The Truman Years, (1945-52) Truman:...

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The Truman Years, (1945-52) Truman: Man and Politition (He and FDR are not close. He was reelected as Senator in 1940. He was a no nonsense guy and he wasn’t very charismatic. During the war he runs a committee in Washington that ran defense contracts. Had very salty language. Economists thought that after the war there would be a depression worse than the 30s. The Truman administration learning a lesson from Wilson’s experience quickly set up procedures to prevent this.) Early Agenda Demobilization (The situation after WWII was much better than after WWI. It smoothes over very quickly.) Reconversion Legislative Highlights AEA NSA (1947) NSC CIA USAF DOD Pre-Succession Act Taft-Hartley Act (The republicans have control of congress. Unions could not make contributions to political powers. It passed Congress, Truman vetoed it, and they passed it over his veto. Truman was a fair guy.) Elections of 1948 (Truman’s approval ratings are in the low 30s. He came out in favor of civil rights. Truman plowed ahead In those days the vice-President was not as important as it is today. Richard Nixon became a much more important. Truman ignored all the criticism and went ahead with his campaign. Republicans nominated people who weren’t the best candidates. The man they put up back then was a very stiff figure named Tom Dewey. The democrats said that he was the little man on the wedding cake. Truman takes the campaign to the people. Most people at the time see him as a dull guy. “To air is Truman.” Truman’s candidacy splits the democratic party. His stand on civil rights alienated the southern democrats and they were called the Dixiecrats, and they chose their own candidates. Truman stopped at every little whistle stop where small amounts of people come out to the tracks and talks to the people. His strategy was to blame the “do nothing” congress and the Republicans. The commentators predicted that dewey would win, and Truman was victorious. Truman built up a real popularity with the press. “Fair Deal” (1949-) (Tries to get away from the new deal. This is where anyone has to admire Harry Truman.) Civil Rights ( He called for a civil rights legislation and doesn’t get it. There was an obvious contradiction in American ideals and how we treated African Americans. We are over their fighting a country of tyranny and racism, and then you come back home and we have our own racism here. Truman set up a commission to study the hate crimes going on. He sends a message to Congress calling for Civil Rights legislation. Even though he knew it could cost him, he stands for what he believes, even though African Americans were not registered to vote in mass numbers at the time, but because he thought it was the right thing to do. He couldn’t get the legislation, so he used the executive powers that he could. He called for an end to segregation. As the military is
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digesting that, the Korean War breaks out and in the heat of combat they did not do so well, so they integrate the forces, and that was the beginning of integrated forces. Jackie
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2009 for the course HIST 2057 taught by Professor Rand during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Test 3 Essay Outlines - The Truman Years, (1945-52) Truman:...

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