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Wines. Lecture 3. France

Wines. Lecture 3. France - Wines France What are the...

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Wines: France What are the quality levels of French wines available in the market today? 1. Vins de Table = no geographic designation or vintage; simple and ordinary wines (14%) 2. Vins de Pays (d’Oc) = wines produced in large geographic areas; section of France (31%) 3. Vins Delimites Qualite Superieure (VDQS) = wines of superior quality striving to earn an AOC designation; produced in designated areas (1%) 4. Appellation d’Origine Controlee (AOC) = top quality wines produced in regulated areas; generally from smaller areas (54%) What does the French AOC attempt to regulate? - place of origin (only specific areas) - grape varietals (only specific grapes) - alcohol content (minimum and maximum) - maximum yields (hectoliters per hectare) - harvest dates - production methods (winemaking/chaptalization) What assurances does AOC offer the consumer? - assures consumer that they are buying the highest quality wine - wine laws can establish authenticity and set standards but cannot guarantee quality - AOC controls certain aspects of grape growing and wine production in specific geographic areas - INAO monitors viti/vinicultural practices How does the US system of AVAs differ from the French AOC system? - AVA = defines only geographic boundaries where wine is grown and produced; does not define grape varieties, maximum yields, or any other measure that would link geography to a particular type of wine - AOC = MUCH more specific controlling factors, including types of grapes, maximum and minimum sugar levels, maximum and minimum alcohol levels, etc Who monitors the AOC system?
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