Wines. Lecture 5. Spain and Portugal

Wines. Lecture 5. Spain and Portugal - Wines: Spain and...

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Wines: Spain and Portugal and Fortified Wines What is the equivalent to the French AOC system in Spain and Portugal? Spain - Vino de Mesa (table wine) - Vino de la Tierra - Denominacion de Origen (DO) - Denominacion de Origen Calificada (DOCGa) Portugal - Vinho de Mesa = simplest table wines w/no vintage - Vinho Regional = wines from the 8 large regions - IPR (Indication of Regulated Provenance) = wines from one of the 28 approved regions - DOC (Denominacao de Origem Controlada) = wines from one of the top 19 regions What are the classifications of Spanish and Portuguese wines and what flavor differences might one find when comparing them? What is a fortified wine? A fortified wine is a wine that has brandy added to it, raising the alcohol content to 15%-23%. What are the classifications of Ports, Sherries, and Madeira? Sherry = made in the Jerez region, generally from Palomino grape (Moscatel and Pedro Ximenex grapes too); nature and level of the sherry depends on the solera system - Fino = light, crisp, dry, pale in color, full flor development (full surface film of yeast on sherry; requires oxygen in the headspace for controlled oxidation) - Manznilla = fino from the Sanlucar region near the sea, develops a salty tinge - Amontollado = fuller and deeper in color than a fino, aged in barrel longer than fino and manznilla, partial flor development - Oloroso = fuller, deeper, darker, and richer, more fortified sugar, dry to medium sweet, no flor due to higher alcohol content - Cream = rich, dessert style wine; made from Olorosos that have been sweetened by adding aged sweet wine made from sun-dried grapes Port = comes from variety of grapes, mainly Tinta Roriz (Tempranillo); made in the Douro Valley, far away from Porto city; fortified with brandy during fermentation, leaving high percentage of residual sugar - Ruby = a blend of young ports aged ~ 3 yrs in wood - Tawny = blend of mature wood-aged ports that is very versatile - Colheita = the tawny form from one vintage that has aged at least 7 yrs in wood - Vintage Port = an exceptional year bottled after only 2 years in wood (not blended w/other vintages); should be aged for at least 10-20 years before consumption due to tough tannins - Late Bottled Vintage (LBV = a single year vintage left in wood for 4-6 years before bottling Madeira = fortified wine produced on the Portuguese island of Madeira
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Wines. Lecture 5. Spain and Portugal - Wines: Spain and...

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